Renowned Scientist, Robert L. Snyder, Passed Away Sept. 1st — Forever Altered The Scientific & Material Course of History Through Nanotechnology

Robert L. Snyder

Co-Chair and Professor – School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology

School Chair and Professor – College of Engineering, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Georgia Institute of Technology

  • B.A. Chemistry, Mathematics, and Philosophy, 1963, Marist College, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.
  • Ph.D. Physical Chemistry, X-ray Crystallography, 1968, Fordham University, Bronx, N.Y.

The World Will Be Forever Altered Due to Snyder’s Research & Success

Research Areas:

  • Synthesis, structural and property characterization of nano and bio-enabled materials

Snyder was most recently known for his stance, presentations, writings and advocacy called: “The New World Of Materials Science & Engineering: Nano/Bio Technology.” The two most important events in materials science and engineering in the past 50 years have been the introduction of surface free energy as a tool for creating new materials and the cracking of the genetic code of the entire biosphere. These two events are intertwined at the most fundamental level in that the key to the assembly of complex nanomachines lies within each of our cells. In his world-wide presentations, Dr. Snyder revealed why it is now time to turn this marvelous machine loose to manufacture materials and machines that have nothing to do with evolution.

While still maintaining an active interest in materials characterization using X-rays, Snyder’s active systems of latest study centered upon bio-inspired approaches to manufacturing and synthesis; nano-materials and the effect of surface free energy on materials properties in magnetic, ferroelectric, piezoelectric, semiconducting, superconducting, optoelectronic and phononic materials.

Examples of current research involve approaches to the fabrication of barium hexaferrite nano-structures, characterization of the kinetics and dynamics of incongruent reduction reactions to produce useful nanomachines, analysis of the defect types and densities in nano-devices.

Bioenergy/Biofuels

— Snyder also contributed to the development of energy generated from biomass for both vehicle fuel and power generation that is becoming a major technology focus for the nation. Snyder’s chairmanship oversaw biomass research programs at Georgia Tech that are making significant strides in developing technologies, such as the cellulosic ethanol from soft woods, rapid screening processes for liquid biofuels, and defining new methods for generating energy from alternative biomass combustion processes.

Built Under Snyder as Chair: Biotechnology Complex - Molecular Science & Engineering Buildings - Georgia Institute of Technology

Moreover, greater than one hundred computer programs for the treatment, processing, and analysis of X-ray crystallographic data have been authored by Dr. Snyder.  These programs written principally in FORTRAN are in use in laboratories around the world on all of the major computers.

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It is my privilege to have known and been friends with this brilliant person of the highest calibre. I will miss you, my friend.

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Distinctions

  • Distinguished Fellow, International Centre of Diffraction Data
  • Fellow, American Ceramic Society
  • Fellow, American Society of Metals
  • Chairman of Board  of Directors, International Centre of Diffraction Data, 1997-2000
  • Principal Editor, Journal Materials Research
  • Assoc. Editor, JAmCerSoc & Powder Diffraction
  • Hanawalt Award in X-ray Analysis 2004
  • TMS Leadership Award 2002
  • American Ceramic Society Outstanding Educator 1999

Dr. Robert L. Snyder served as a Professor and as Chair of the School of Materials Science and Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology… as well as Professor and Chair of the College of Engineering, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology at the Georgia Institute of Technology

Snyder earned Bachelors Degrees in Chemistry, Mathematics, and Philosophy from Marist College and his Ph.D. for Chemistry, X-ray Crystallography from Fordham University. He entered the field of materials through his Ph.D. research and continued it as a postdoc at the University of Pittsburgh and NASA. Dr. Snyder began teaching at the New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University in 1970 and rose through the academic ranks to Professor of Ceramic Science in 1982. He chaired the MSE Department at Ohio State from 1996 through 2002.

Built Under Snyder As Chair: Marcus Nanotechnology Research Center

He enjoyed extended leaves at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (1977), National Bureau of Standards (1980, 1981), Sandia National Lab (1987), Siemens Central Research Labs Munich (1983, 1991) and the Université de Rennes (1995).

Dr. Snyder was a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society, the American Society of Metals and a Distinguished Fellow of the International Center for Diffraction Data where he served in a number of capacities, most recently as Chairman of the Board of Directors.

He was a Principal Editor for the Journal Materials Research and the Journal of the American Ceramic Society. Dr. Snyder served on the organizing committees of a number of international conferences and Chaired the annual Denver X-ray Conference. He was named the American Ceramic Society Outstanding Educator and received the State University of New York Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Teaching and the 2002 TMS Award for Materials Leadership as well as the 2008 TMS Educator Award.

He was the author of two textbooks, edited nine technical books and contributed chapters to nine books and encyclopedias. He held eight patents and has published over 265 papers on materials and materials characterization which have been cited by other authors more than 2000 times. Dr. Snyder presented over 1,000 talks around the world with over forty plenary and keynote lectures.

Bob and his wife, Sheila, earlier this year in Santorini

Patents

  1. K. H. Sandhage and R. L. Snyder, “Electrolysis Apparatus and Methods using Urania in Electrodes, and Methods of Producing Reduced Substances from Oxidized Substances, Including the Electrowinning of Aluminum” U.S. Patent 6,616,826 (2005).
  2. K. H. Sandhage and R. L. Snyder, “Electrodes, electrolysis apparatus and methods using uranium-bearing ceramic electrodes, and methods of producing a metal from a metal compound dissolved in a molten salt, including the electrowinning of aluminum”, U.S. Patent 6,146,513 (2003).
  3. S. S. Bayya, R. L. Snyder, S. Gopalakrishnan and W. A. Schulze, “Process for Preparing a Thallium-Containing Superconductor,” U.S. Patent 5,385,882 awarded Jan 31 (1995).
  4. R. L. Snyder, J. J. Simmins and X. W. Wang “Process for Preparing Ferrite Films by Radio-Frequency Generated Aerosol Plasma Deposition in Atmosphere,” U.S. Patent
    5,213,851 awarded May 15 (1993).
  5. R. L. Snyder, X. W. Wang and H. Hsong, “Process for Preparing Superconducting Films by Radio-Frequency“, U.S. Patent 5,157,015 awarded Oct. 20 (1992).
  6. R. L. Snyder, X. W. Wang, H. M. Duan and A. Hermann, “Preparation of Thallium Superconducting Films Using an Atmospheric Plasma Vapor Deposition Process“, U.S. Patent 5,100,868 awarded March 31 (1992).
  7. R. L. Snyder, X. W. Wang and H. Hsong, “Atmospheric Plasma Vapor Deposition of Superconducting Thin Films“, U.S. Patent 5,120,703 awarded June 9, (1992).
  8. A. Bhargava, A. K. Varshneya and R. L. Snyder, “Superconducting Glass-Ceramics made by controlled crystallization from glass“, U.S. Patent 4,970,195 awarded Nov. 13, (1990).
  9. A. Bhargava and R. L. Snyder, “Process for preparing a barium-titanate film“, U.S. Patent 4,959,089 awarded Sept. 25 (1990).

Books and Chapters

  1. T. Blanton, G. Havrilla, T. C. Huang, J. A. Anzelmo, Victor E. Burke, W. T. Elam, I. C. Noyan, J. Kaduk, B. Toby and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 52 ICDD Newtown Square PA, (2009).
  2. T. C. Huang, J. A. Anzelmo, Victor E. Burke, J. V. Gilfrich, George J. Havrilla, I. C. Noyan, and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 51 ICDD Newtown Square PA, (2008).
  3. T. C. Huang, J. A. Anzelmo, Victor E. Burke, J. V. Gilfrich, George J. Havrilla, J. A. Kaduk, I. C. Noyan, and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 50 ICDD Newtown Square PA,  (2007).
  4. K. H. Sandhage, S. M. Allan, M. B. Dickerson, E. M. Ernst, C. S. Gaddis, S. Shian, M. R. Weatherspoon, G. Ahmad, Y. Cai, M. S. Haluska, R. L. Snyder, R. R. Unocic, and F. M. Zalar, “Inorganic Preforms of Biological Origin: Shape-Preserving Reactive Conversion of Biosilica Microshells (Diatoms),” pp235-253, in Handbook of Biomineralization, Eds. E. Bauerlein, P. Behrens, Vol. 2, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany (2007).
  5. T. C. Huang, Victor E. Burke, J. V. Gilfrich, George J. Havrilla, J. A. Kaduk, I. C. Noyan, and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 49 ICDD Newtown Square PA, (2006).
  6. T. C. Huang, Victor E. Burke, J. V. Gilfrich, George J. Havrilla, J. A. Kaduk, I. C. Noyan, and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 48, ICDD Newtown Square PA,  (2005).
  7. T. C. Huang, Victor E. Burke, J. V. Gilfrich, George J. Havrilla, I. C. Noyan, and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 46, ICDD Newtown Square PA,  (2004).
  8. T. C. Huang, Randolph Barton Jr., Ron Broton, Victor E. Burke, J. V. Gilfrich, George J. Havrilla, Ron Jenkins, I. C. Noyan, and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 45, ICDD Newtown Square PA, (2003).
  9. T. C. Huang, Randolph Barton Jr., Ron Broton, Victor E. Burke, J. V. Gilfrich, George J. Havrilla, Ron Jenkins, I. C. Noyan, P. K. Predecki and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 44, ICDD Newtown Square PA, (2002).
  10. T. C. Huang, Randolph Barton Jr., Ron Broton, Victor E. Burke, J. V. Gilfrich, George J. Havrilla, Ron Jenkins, I. C. Noyan, P. K. Predecki, D. K. Smith and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 43, ICDD Newtown Square PA, (2001).
  11. S. T. Misture and R. L. Snyder, “X-ray Analysis,” chapter in Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering, R. W. Cahn and E. Lifshin, ed., Pergamon Press New York (2001).
  12. T. C. Huang, Randolph Barton Jr., Victor E. Burke, J. V. Gilfrich, George J. Havrilla, Ron Jenkins, I. C. Noyan, P. K. Predecki, D. K. Smith and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 42, ICDD Newtown Square PA, (2000).
  13. J. V. Gilfrich, T. C. Huang, C. R. Hubbard, I. C. Noyan, P. K. Predecki, D. K. Smith and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 41, Plenum, (1999).
  14. R. L. Snyder, J. Fiala and H. J. Bunge, Defect and Microstructure Analysis by Diffraction, Oxford University Press, Oxford 785 pp. (1999).
  15. Fiala, J. and Snyder, R. L. “Introduction to Defect and Microstructure Analysis or the Analysis of Real Structure” in Defect and Microstructure Analysis by Diffraction,  1-15, (1999).
  16. J. V. Gilfrich, T. C. Huang, C. R. Hubbard, I. C. Noyan, P. K. Predecki, D. K. Smith and R. L. Snyder, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 40, Plenum, (1998).
  17. R. L. Snyder, “X-Ray Diffraction,” X-ray Characterization of Materials, Eric Lifshin, editor.  Wiley-VCH Verlag SmbH, Weinheim, FRG. Chap. 1 p 1-103 (1999).
  18. J. V. Gilfrich, R. Jenkins, R. L. Snyder, M. A. Zaitz, I. C. Noyan, T. C. Huang, D. K. Smith and P. K. Predecki, Advances in X-ray Analysis, Vol 39, Plenum, (1997).
  19. C. Park and R. L. Snyder “Structure of Ceramics,” chapter in Encyclopedia of Applied Physics, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Weinheim, Germany, Vol. 10, (1996).
  20. R. Jenkins and R. L. Snyder, Introduction to X-ray Powder Diffractometry, John Wiley and Sons, New York 544 pp. (1996).
  21. R. L. Snyder, “Analytical Profile Modeling in Diffraction”, Chapter 7, 111-131 The Rietveld Method, Oxford University Press (1993).
  22. R. L. Snyder, “XRay Analysis”, Materials Science and Technology – a Comprehensive Treatment, R. W. Cahn, P. Haasen and E. J. Kramer editors. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Weinheim, FRG, Vol 2, Chap. 4, p. 251-355 (1992).
  23. R. L. Snyder and D. Bish, “Quantitative Analysis by Xray Powder Diffraction”, Chapter 5 of Modern Powder Diffraction, D. L. Bish and J. E. Post eds. Reviews in Mineralogy Vol 20, 101145, Mineralogical Society of America, Washington D.C. (1989).
  24. R. L. Snyder, Chapters 4 and 5 of “Xray Powder Diffraction”, ACS Audio Visual Course, R. Jenkins, editor, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. (1989).
  25. R. L. Snyder, R. A. Condrate and P. F. Johnson, editors, Advances in Material Characterization II, Plenum Press, New York (1985).
  26. D. R. Rossington, R. A. Condrate, and R. L. Snyder, editors, Advances in Material Characterization, Plenum Press, New York (1983).

Refereed Papers

  1. Yue Shen, Jung-Il Hong, Sheng Xu, Hao Fang, Su Zhang, Yong Ding, Robert L. Snyder, and Zhong Lin Wang, “Fabrication of Arc-Shape Composite Nanowire Arrays by Pulsed Laser Deposition” Small (Submitted) (2009).
  2. S. Salman, O. Gunduz, S. Yilmaz, M.L. Öveçoğlu, Robert L. Snyder, S. Agathopoulos and F.N. Oktar, “Sintering effect on mechanical properties of composites of natural hydroxyapatites and titanium”, Ceramics International 35, 2965–2971 (2009)
  3. S. S. Lin, J-I. Hong, J. H. Song, Y. Zhu, H. P. He, Z. Xu, Y. G. Wei,Y. Ding, R. L. Snyder, Z. Z. Ye and Z. L. Wang, “Zn1-xMgxO Nanowire Arrays With Controllable Structure and Conductivity Type” Nanoletters (Submitted) (2009)
  4. N. Fukata, K. Sato, M. Mitome,Y. Bando, J. Chen, T. Sekiguchi, M. Kirkham, Z. L. Wang, and R. L. Snyder, “Doping of boron and phosphorus atoms in germanium nanowires” Advanced Materials (submitted) (2009).
  5. Joonho Bae, Jung-Il Hong, Won Hee Han, Young Jin Choi, Robert.L. Snyder, “Superior Field Emission Properties of ZnO Nanocones Synthesized by Pulsed Laser Deposition”, Chemical Physics Letters 476, 260-263 (2009)
  6. Jenny Ruth Morber, Xudong Wang, Jin Liu, Robert L. Snyder and Zhong Lin Wang, “Wafer-Level Patterned and Aligned Polymer-Nanowire/Nanotube-Arrays on any Substrate”, Adv. Mat 21, 1-5 (2009)
  7. Xu, Sheng; Wei, Yaguang; Kirkham, Melanie; Liu, Jin; Mai, Wenjie; Davidovic, Dragomir; Snyder, R.L.; Wang, Zhong Lin, “Patterned Growth of Vertically Aligned ZnO Nanowire Arrays on Inorganic Substrates at Low Temperature without Catalyst” J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 130 14958 (2008).
  8. Hong, Jung-Il, Zhong, Joonho Bae, Wang, Zhong Lin and Snyder, Robert L., “Room-temperature texture-controlled growth of ZnO thin films on general substrates and their application for growing aligned ZnO nanowire arrays” Nanotechnology, 20, 85609-85614 (2009).
  9. Melanie Kirkham, Zhong Lin Wang and Robert L. Snyder, “In-Situ Growth Kinetics of ZnO Nanowires”, Nanotechnology accepted  (2008).
  10. Daniel Moore, Jenny Ruth Morber, Robert L. Snyder, and Zhong Lin Wang, “Growth of Ultralong ZnS/SiO2 Core-Shell Nanowires by Volume and Surface Diffusion VLS process” , J. Phys. Chem C, February (2008).
  11. Kirkham, Melanie, Wang, Xudong, Wang, Zhong Lin and Snyder, Robert L., “Solid Au Nanoparticles as a Catalyst for Growing Aligned ZnO Nanowires: A New Understanding of the Vapour-Liquid-Solid Process” Nanotechnology 18(36), 365304 (2007).
  12. Rusen Yang, Yu-Lun Chueh, Jenny Ruth Morber,  Robert Snyder, Li-Jen Chou, Zhong Lin Wang, “Single-crystalline Branched Zinc Phosphide Nanostructures: Synthesis, Properties and Opotoelectronic Devices”, Nano Letters, 7(2), 269-275 (2007).
  13. E. Koep, C. Jin, M. Haluska, R. Das, R. Narayan, K. H. Sandhage, R. L. Snyder, M. Liu, “Microstructure and Electrochemical Properties of Cathode Materials for SOFCs Prepared via Pulsed Laser Deposition,” J. Power Sources, 161 [1] 250-255 (2006).
  14. Yong Ding, Jenny Ruth Morber, Robert L. Snyder, Zhong Lin Wang “Nanowire structural evolution from Fe3O4 to e-Fe2O3”, Adv. Func. Materials, 17, 1172-1178 (2007).
  15. Eric M. Ernst, Ben C. Church, Christopher S. Gaddis, Robert L. Snyder and Kenneth H. Sandhage, “Enhanced Hydrothermal Conversion of Surfactant-modified Diatom Microshells into Barium Titanate Replicas”, J. Mat. Res 22(5) 1121-1127 (2007).
  16. Jenny Ruth Morber, Yong Ding, Michael Stephan Haluska, Yang Li , J. Ping Liu, Zhong Lin Wang and Robert L. Snyder, “PLD Assisted VLS Growth of Aligned Ferrite Nanorods, Nanowires, and Nanobelts – Synthesis and Properties”, J. Phys. Chem. B,  110 (43), 21672-21679, (2006).
  17. I. Dragomir-Cernatescu, M. S. Haluska, K. H. Sandhage and R. L. Snyder “Residual Stress in 3-D MgO Diatom Replicas Synthesized by Low-Temperature Gas/Solid Displacement Reaction” submitted to Journal Materials Research (2005).
  18. Luo Qian, Dragomir-Cernatescu Iuliana, Hess Dennis W., Rees Will S. Jr. and Snyder Robert L. “Comparison of nitride HfO2 films deposited in O2 and N2O by direct liquid injection CVD” submitted to J. Electrochem. Soc. 53, F1 (2006)..
  19. M. S. Haluska, I. Dragomir-Cernatescu, K.  H.  Sandhage, and R.  L.  Snyder, “X-ray Diffraction Analyses of 3-D MgO-based Replicas of Diatom Microshells Synthesized by a Low-Temperature Gas/Solid Displacement Reaction” Powder Diffraction December 20(4) 306-310 (2005).
  20. K. H. Sandhage, R. L. Snyder, G. Ahmad, S. M. Allan, Y. Cai, M. B. Dickerson, C. S. Gaddis, M. S. Haluska, S. Shian, M. R. Weatherspoon, R. A. Rapp, R. R. Unocic, F. M. Zalar, Y. Zhang, M. Hildebrand, B. P. Palenik, “Merging Biological Self-assembly with Synthetic Chemical Tailoring: The Potential for 3-D Genetically-Engineered Micro/nanodevices (3-D GEMS),”Int. J. Appl. Ceram. Technol., 2 [4] 317-326 (2005).
  21. Oh, R., Dragomir-Cernatescu, I., Cochran, J., Snyder, R. L. “Residual Stress Analysis of A Co-Extruded Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Platform” submitted to J. Fuel Cells (2005).
  22. I. C. Dragomir, D. S. Li, G. A. Castello-Branco, H. Garmestani, R. L. Snyder, G. Ribarik, and T. Ungar, “Evolution of dislocation density and character in hot rolled titanium determined by X-ray diffraction”, J. Materials Char. 55, 66-74 (2005)
  23. Weatherspoon M.R., Haluska M.S., Cai Y., Summers J.S., Christopher J., Snyder R.L., Sandhage K.H., “Phosphor Microparticles of Controlled Three-Dimensional Shape from Phytoplankton,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 153 [2] H34-H37, (2006).
  24. I. C. Dragomir, G. A. Castello-Branco, G. Ribarik, H. Garmestani, T. Ungar and R. L. Snyder, “Burgers vector populations in hot rolled titanium determined by X-ray Peak Profile Analysis”, Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 23, 99-104 (2006)
  25. Haluska M.S., Misture S.T., Snyder R.L., Sandhage K.H., “A closed, heated reaction chamber design for dynamic high-temperature x-ray diffraction analyses of gas/solid displacement reactions,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 76 [12], 126101/1-126101/4 (2005).
  26. I. C. Dragomir , N. Thadhani, M. Gheorghe and R. L. Snyder, “X-ray Peak Profile Analysis of Crystallite Size Distributions, Dislocations Type and Density evolution in Nano-structured Cu obtained by deformation at liquid nitrogen temperature”, J. Mat Sci & Eng A, 402[1-2] 158-162 (2005).
  27. I. C. Dragomir , M. Gheorghe, N. Thadhani and R. L. Snyder, “Dislocation densities and character evolution in copper deformed by rolling under liquid nitrogen from X-ray peak profile analysis”, Powder Diffraction 20, 109-111 (2005)
  28. J.L. Reeves, V. Selvamanickam and R.L. Snyder “Reel-To-Reel Texture Analysis of HTS Coated Conductors Using a Modified GADDS System” Adv. X-ray Anal. (2003).
  29. M. B. Dickerson, K. Pathak, K. H. Sandhage, R. L. Snyder, U. Balachandran, B. Ma, R.D. Blaugher and R.N. Bhattacharya, “Applications of 2D Detectors in X-Ray Analysis,” Adv
    X-ray Anal. 45, 338 (2003).
  30. M. B. Dickerson, R. L. Snyder and K. H. Sandhage, “Dense, Near Net-Shaped, Carbon/Refractory Metal Composites at Modest Temperatures by the Displacive Compensation of Porosity (DCP) Method,” J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 85[3] 730-32 (2002)
  31. D. Sriram, R. L. Snyder and V. R. W. Amarakoon, “Anisotropic Thermal Expansion of Barium Hexaferrite Using Dynamic High Temperature X-ray Diffraction,” J. Mater. Res. 15 [6] 1349-1353 (2000).
  32. K. E. Kuehn, D. Sriram, S. S. Bayya, J. J. Simmins and R. L. Snyder, “Synthesis of Copper and Lithium Copper Ferrites as High Magnetization Materials,” J. Mater. Res. 15[7] 1635-1641 (2000).
  33. R. J. Castilone, D. Sriram, W. M. Carty and R. L. Snyder, “Crystallization of Zircon in Stoneware Glazes,” J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 82 2819-24 (1999).
  34. C. Park, D. H. Lee, R. A. Condrate and R. L. Snyder, “Surface Fourier Transform-Infrared Spectral Study of the Effect of Silver and Carbon in Tl0.5Pb0.5Sr2CaCu2O7-,” J. Mater. Sci. 33(8) 2187-93 (1998).
  35. S. T. Misture, D. P. Matheis, R. L. Snyder, T. N. Blanton, G. M. Zorn and B. Seebacher, “Peritectic Melting Sequence of Bi-2212 and Bi-2212/Ag Measured Using in-situ XRD,”
    Adv. X-ray Anal. 39 723-729 (1997).
  36. M. Haller and R. L. Snyder, “The Structural Conditions for High Temperature Superconductivity,” JOM 49[10] 12-17 (1997).
  37. D. Sriram, T. T. Eagen, D. Cox and R. L. Snyder, “Site Occupancy in Rapidly Quenched Copper Ferrite, Cu0.5Fe2.5O4 Using Synchrotron Radiation,” Magnetic Materials (1998).
  38. C. Park, W. Wong-Ng, L. P. Cook, R. L. Snyder, P. V. Sastry and A. R. West, “Melting Investigations of Bi2Sr1.9Ca2.1Cu3O10+ by High Temperature X-ray Diffraction and Quenching,” Physica C. 304(3&4) 265-276 (1998).
  39. W. Wong-Ng, R. L. Snyder, C. Park, E. Antipov, and F. McClune, “The ICDD/PDF Superconductor MiniFile (SC),” Powder Diffraction 12(1) 13-15 (1997).
  40. L. M. Fisher, A. V. Kalinov, J. Mirkovic, I. F. Voloshin, A. V. Bondarenko, M. A. Obolenskii, and R. L. Snyder, “Critical Current Anisotropy and Fishtail in YBCO Single Crystal: Twin Boundary Effects,” Phys. Rev. Let. (1997).
  41. J. G. Fagan, R. L. Snyder, C. Hach, L. Jones, J. B. Ings, J. May, J. J. Simmins, “Aspects of Sintering Barium Hexaferrite with SiO2, Al2O3, CaCO3, and Y6Fe10O24 Additions for Microwave Applications,” J. Appl. Phy. 79: (8) 6341-6341 (1996).
  42. C. Park and R. L. Snyder, “The Crystal Structures of the High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors”, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. feature article 78  3171-94 (1995).
  43. P. J. LaPuma, R. L. Snyder, S. Zdzieszynski, R. Brückner, “Characterization of the Sn Diffusion Layer in the Surface of Float Glass using Grazing Incidence XRay Reflectometry and Fluorescence,” Glastech. Ber. Glass Sci Technol. 68 C1 314 (1995).
  44. C. Park, S. T. Misture, D. Sriram and R. L. Snyder. “Effect of Ag on Processing & Properties of Bi& Tlbased HTSC Materials,” J. Electronic Materials 24[12] 1897-902 (1995).
  45. S. T. Misture, D. P. Matheis, R. L. Snyder, T. N. Blanton, G. M. Zorn, and B. Seebacher, HighTemperature XRD Study of the Peritectic Reactions of Bi2212 With and Without Ag  Additions,” Physica C 250 175-183 (1995).
  46. S. T. Misture, C. Park, R. L. Snyder, B. Jobst, and B. Seebacher, “Powder Diffraction Data for Several Solid Solutions with the Compositions (Sr,Ca)CuO2 and (Sr,Ca)2CuO3,” Powder Diffraction 10  296-299 (1995).
  47. R. L. Snyder and B. J. Chen, “Dynamic Characterization in Advanced Manufacturing,”
    Adv. Xray Anal. 38 1-8 (1995).
  48. P. J. LaPuma, R. L. Snyder, S. Zdzieszynski and R. Brückner, “Xray Surface Characterization of Float Glass,” Adv. Xray Anal.. 38 705-709 (1995).
  49. C. Park and R. L. Snyder, “Perovskite Stacking in the Structures of the High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors,” Applied Superconductivity 3 73-84 (1995).
  50. J. G. Fagan, K. D. Vuong, D. T. Hoelzer, X. W. Wang, C. Q. Shen, V. W. R. Amarakoon and R. L. Snyder, “Examination of Y2Cu2O5 Additions on Microstructural Development in YBa2Cu3O7- Superconductors,” Applied Superconductivity 3 91103 (1995).
  51. J. G. Fagan, K. D. Vuong, D. Partis, J. A. A. Williams, T. Leone, V. W. R. Amarakoon, C. Q. Shen, X. W. Wang, B. J. Chen, and R. L. Snyder, “Influence of Excess Yttrium Additions in the YBa2Cu3O7- System During Melt Processing, “Applied Superconductivity 3 123131 (1995).
  52. J. G. Fagan, A. Barus, C. Q. Shen, K. D. Vuong, X. W. Wang, B. J. Chen, R. L. Snyder and V. W. R. Amarakoon, “Comparative Evaluation of MeltTexturing Methods to Produce High Jc YBa2Cu3O7-,” Applied Superconductivity (1995).
  53. L. M. Fisher, J. Mirkovic, I. F. Voloshin, N. M. Makarov, V. A. Yampol’skii, F. Perez Rodriguez and R. L. Snyder, “Frequency Limitations on the Applicability of the Critical State Model”, Applied Superconductivity 2 685-687 (1994).
  54. L. M. Fisher, A. V. Kalinov, J. Mirkovic. I. F. Voloshin, S. A. Zver’kov, A. Bondarenko, M. Obolenskii, V. A. Yampolskii, and R. L. Snyder, “Anisotropy of AC Magnetic Susceptibility and Jc in YBCO Bulk Textured Samples and Single Crystals,” Applied Superconductivity 2 639-43 (1994).
  55. C. Q. Shen, K. D. Vuong, J. A. A. Williams, A. Leone, R. L. Snyder, X. W. Wang, M. DeMarco, J. Stuckey, D. Petrov and M. J. Naughton, “Plasma Fabrication of BiSrCaCuO Superconductive Films and Nonsuperconductive NiFeO for hybrid Devices,” Applied Superconductivity 3 67-72  (1995).
  56. S. T. Misture, B. Seebacher and R. L. Snyder “Fabrication of BPSCCO-2223 Ag-Sheathed Conductors by Tape Casting”, Applied Superconductivity 3 113-116 (1995).
  57. C. Park, S. S. Bayya, D. Sriram and R. L. Snyder, “Effects of Silver Addition in the Single Layer Tl Superconductor”, Applied Superconductivity 3 139-146 (1995).
  58. M. A. Rodriguez, R. L. Snyder, J. J. Simmins, Y. M. Guo, R. A. Condrate, F. Rotella and J. Jorgensen, “The Crystal Structure of the YBa4Cu2CO3O5.5+ Oxycarbonate”,  J. Appl Cryst. 28 429-435 (1995).
  59. R. L. Snyder, “Manufacturing Advanced Materials,” Advanced Materials & Processes 894, 20-25 (1994).
  60. R. Kudesia, A. E. McHale and R. L. Snyder, “Effects of La2O3/ZnO Additives on Microstructure and Microwave Dielectric Properties of Zr0.8Sn0.2TiO4 Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 77[12] 321520 (1994).
  61. C. Park, S. S. Bayya, S. Dattaguru and R. L. Snyder, “Effect of Silver Addition to the Singlelayer Tl Superconductors,” Physica C 235-240 543-544(1994).
  62. S. T. Misture, B. Seebacher, R. Hornung, G. M. Zorn and R. L. Snyder, “Tape Casting and Screen Printing Fabrication of BPSCCO2223 AgSheathed Conductors,” Physica C 235 -240 3397-3398 (1994).
  63. S. T. Misture, L. Chatfield and R. L. Snyder, “Accurate Powder Diffraction Patterns Using Zero Background Holders,” Powder Diffraction 9 172-179 (1994).
  64. D. P. Matheis and R. L. Snyder, “Analysis of the Modulated Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 from Xray Powder Diffraction Data,” Powder Diffraction 9 28-37 (1994).
  65. S. S. Bayya, and R. L. Snyder, “SelfPropagating HighTemperature Synthesis (SHS) and Microwave Assisted Combustion Synthesis (MACS) of the Thallium Superconducting Phases,” Physica C. 83-90 (1994).
  66. D. P. Matheis, S. T. Misture and R. L. Snyder, “MeltTexture Processing and High Temperature Reactions of Bi2212 Thick Films,” Physica C. 217 319-324 (1993).
  67. B. J. Chen, M. A. Rodriguez, S. T. Misture and R. L. Snyder, “Effect of Undercooling Temperature on the Solidification Kinetics and Morphology of YBCO During Melt
    Texturing,” Physica C 217 367-375 (1993).
  68. C. Park and R. L. Snyder, “XRay Powder Diffraction Data for the Superconducting Phase Tl0.5Pb0.5Sr2CaCu2O6.5+,” Powder Diffraction 8 249-50 (1993).
  69. S. S. Bayya and R. L. Snyder, “Synthesis of Thallium Superconducting Phases via Melt Quenching,” Physica C 214 25-36 (1993).
  70. S. S. Bayya and R. L. Snyder, “Growth of Anisotropic Shaped Superconducting Particles in the TlBaCaCuO System, Physica C 208 69-78 (1993).
  71. R. Kudesia, A. E. McHale, R. A. Condrate, and R. L. Snyder, “Microwave Characteristics and Far IR Reflection Spectra of Zirconium Tin Titanate Dielectrics,” J. of  Materials Science 28 5569-5575 (1993).
  72. M. DeMarco, X. W. Wang, S. S. Bayya, R. L. Snyder, M. White, and M. Naughton, “Mössbauer and Magnetization Study of Ni Ferrites Prepared by a Plasma Deposition Technique,”  J. Appl. Phys. 73 [10] 6287-6289 (1993).
  73. D. P. Matheis, S. T. Misture and R. L. Snyder, “Phase Formation and Growth Mechanisms in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 GlassCeramics,” Physica C 207 134-142 (1993).
  74. L. M. Fisher, N. V. Ilin, I. F. Voloshin, N. M. Makarov, V. A. Yampolskii, F. Perez Rodriguez and R. L. Snyder, “On the Applicability of the Critical State Model to the Description of Electromagnetic Properties of HighTc Superconductors,” Physica C 206 195201 (1993).
  75. M. A. Rodriguez, R. L. Snyder, B. J. Chen, D. P. Matheis, S. T. Misture, V. D. Frechette, G. Zorn, H. Göbel, and B. Seebacher, “The High Temperature Reactions of YBa2Cu3O7-” Physica C 206 43-50 (1993).
  76. F. Spitulnik, X. W. Wang, R. Noble, D. J. Finnigan, V. R. W. Amarakoon and R. L. Snyder, “Continuous-Wave Nd:YAG Laser Deposition of Predominantly Cubic Phase CdS Films,” J. of Materials Synthesis and Processing, 1 [5] 335-340 (1993).
  77. R. Kudesia, R. L. Snyder, R. A. Condrate and A. E. McHale, “Structural Study of Zr0.8Sn0.2Ti4” J. Phys. Chem of Solids 54 [6] 671-684 (1993).
  78. B. J. Chen, M. A. Rodriguez, and R. L. Snyder, “A Study of Glass Formation and Crystallization of Y2O3-BaOCuOB2O3 GlassCeramics”, Glastechnische Berichte, 66 [2] 21-24 (1993).
  79. M. A. Rodriguez, J. J. Simmins and R. L. Snyder, “The YBa4Cu2O8.5+ An Interesting Nonsuperconductor”, J. Mater. Res. 8 [3] 415-420 (1993).
  80. R. L. Snyder, “The Use of Reference Intensity Ratios in Xray Quantitative Analysis,” Powder Diffraction, 7 [4] 186-193 (1992).
  81. B. J. Reardon and R. L. Snyder, “The Use of Ga2O3 and In2O3 in Forming Superconducting GlassCeramics in the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O System”, Glastech. Ber., 65 [10] 287-291 (1992).
  82. B. J. Chen, M. A. Rodriguez, S. T. Misture and R. L. Snyder, “Direct Observations of Textured YBa2Cu3O7- Crystal Growth from the Melt,” Physica C, 195 118-124 (1992).
  83. M. A. Rodriguez, B. J. Chen and R. L. Snyder “The Formation Mechanism of Textured YBa2Cu3O7-“, Physica C 195 185-194 (1992).
  84. R. L. Snyder, M. A. Rodriguez, and B. J. Chen, H. E. Göbel, G. Zorn, and F. B. Seebacher, “Analysis of YBa2Cu3O7- Peritectic Reactions and Orientation by High Temperature XRD and Optical Microscopy”, Adv. Xray Anal. 35, 623-632 (1992).
  85. D. R. Boehme, M. C. Nichols, R. L. Snyder and D. P. Matheis, “An Investigation of the Terich Uranium Tellurides Using Xray Powder Diffraction”, J. Alloys and Compounds, 179, 37-59 (1992).
  86. L. M. Fisher, V. S. Gorbachev, N. V. Ilin, N. M. Makarov, V. A. Yampol’skii, R. L. Snyder, S. T. Misture, J. A. Taylor, V. W. R. Amarakoon, M. A. Rodriguez, D. P. Matheis, A.M. M. Barus and J. G. Fagan, “Effect of Microstructure on the MagneticField Dependence of the Local Critical Current Density in YBa2Cu3O7- Superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 46 [17], 1098610996 (1992).
  87. A. Bhargava, A. K. Varshneya and R. L. Snyder, “Synthesis of Superconducting Ceramic Coated Metal Wires by a GlassCeramic Technique”, Matl. Ltrs. 11 313316 (1991).
  88. R. L. Snyder, M. C. Nichols and D. R. Boehme, “The Crystal Structures and Powder Diffraction Patterns of the Uranium Tellurides A Critical Review”, Powder Diffraction 6, 204 -227 (1991).
  89. R. S. Zhou and R. L. Snyder, “The Crystal Structures and Transformation Mechanisms of the ,  & ࿠Transition Aluminas”, Acta Cryst. B 47, 617-630 (1991).
  90. R. S. Zhou, M. M. Teeter and R. L. Snyder, “C3DCON: A Stereo 3D Electron Density Cage Contouring and Atomic Structure Plotting Program”, J. Appl. Cryst. 24 193-195 (1991).
  91. X. W. Wang, H. H. Zhong, and R. L. Snyder, “RF Plasma Aerosol Deposition of Superconductive YBa2Cu3O7- Films at Atmospheric Pressure”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57 [15], 15811583, (1990).
  92. M. A. Rodriguez, D. P. Matheis, S. S. Bayya, J. J. Simmins, R. L. Snyder and D. E. Cox, “A Search for a Low Temperature Phase Transition Prior to Superconducting Behavior in the YBa2Cu3O7- Compound”, J. Mater. Res. Soc. 5 [9], 17991801 (1990).
  93. D. A. Norris, M. A. Rodriguez, S. K. Fukuda, R. L. Snyder, “XRay Powder Data for -Si3N4”, Powder Diffraction 5 [1], 225 (1990).
  94. D. P. Matheis and R. L. Snyder, “The Crystal structures and Powder Diffraction Patterns of the High Tc Ceramic Superconductors”, Powder Diffraction, 5 [1], 825 (1990).
  95. Y. H. Kao, Y. D. Yao, L. Y. Jang, F. Xu, A. Krol, L. W. Song, C. J. Sher, A. Darovsky, J. C. Phillips, J. Simmins and R. L. Snyder, “Effects of Silver Doping in the HighTc Superconducting System YBaCuO”, J. Appl. Phys. 67 [1], 353361 (1990).
  96. J. L. Porter, T. K. Vethanayagam, R. L. Snyder and J. A. T. Taylor, “Reactivity of Ceramic Superconductors with Palladium Alloys”, J. Amer. Cer. Soc. 73 [6], 1760 (1990).
  97. A. Bhargava, R. L. Snyder and A. K. Varshneya, “Preliminary Investigations of Superconducting Glassceramics in the BiSrCaCuO System”, Matl. Ltrs. 8 [10], 425431 (1989).
  98. P. H. McCluskey, R. L. Snyder and R. A. Condrate, Sr., “Infrared Spectral Studies of Various Metal Polyacrylates”, J. Solid State Chem. 83 [2], 332339 (1989).
  99. A. Plancon, R. F. Giese, V. A. Drits, A. S. Bookin and R. L. Snyder, “Stacking Faults in the Kaolingroup Minerals”, Clays and Clay Minerals, 37 [3], 203210 (1989).
  100. A. Bhargava, A. K. Varshneya and R. L. Snyder, “On the Stability of Superconducting Yba2Cu3O7- in a Borate Glassceramic Matrix”, Mater. Lett., 8 [12], 4145 (1989).
  101. Y. D. Yao, Y. H. Kao, J. J. Simmins, R. L. Snyder, Z. Tao and K. W. Jones, “Changes in the Physical Properties of the High Tc Superconductor YBaCuO Due to Copper Deficiency”, Mod. Phys. Lett. B, 3 [6], (1989).
  102. T. K. Vethanayagam, W. A. Schulze, J. A. T. Taylor and R. L. Snyder, “Inductance Technique for Measuring Transition Temperatures of Superconducting Powders”, Inter. J. of Modern Physics B, 3 [5], 763772 (1989).
  103. M.A. Rodriguez, J. J. Simmins, P. H. McCluskey, R. S. Zhou, and R. L. Snyder, “The Crystal Structure of the Cubic and Tetragonal Phases of YBa3Cu2O6.5+ and Yba4Cu2O6.5+”,
    Adv. in Xray Anal., 32, 497505 (1989).
  104. S. A. Howard and R. L. Snyder, “The Use of Direct Convolution Products in Profile and Pattern Fitting Algorithms I. Development of the Algorithms”, J. Appl. Cryst. 22, 238243 (1989).
  105. C. R. Hubbard and R. L. Snyder, “Reference Intensity Ratio Measurement and Use in Quantitative XRD”, Powder Diffraction, 3 [2], 7477 (1988).
  106. A. Bhargava, J. E. Shelby and R. L. Snyder, “Structure and crystallization studies on a ternary borate glass system”, J. NonCrystalline Solids, 102 [13], 136142 (1988).
  107. P. H. McCluskey, G. S. Fischman and R. L. Snyder, “Preparation and Thermoanalytic Studies of Yttrium Poly(acrylate)”, J. Therm. Analysis, 34 [56], 14411448 (1988).
  108. A. Bhargava, R. L. Snyder and R. A. Condrate, Sr., “Preparation of BaTiO3 glassceramics in the system BaTiBO, Part 1”, Mater. Lett., 7 [56], 185189 (1988).
  109. A. Bhargava, R. L. Snyder and R. A. Condrate, Sr., “Preparation of BaTiO3 GlassCeramics in the system BaTiBO, Part 2,” Materials Letters, 7 [5,6], 190196 (1988).
  110. G. S. Smith, Q. C. Johnson, D. K. Smith, D. E. Cox, R. L. Snyder, R. S. Zhou, A. Zalkin, “The Crystal and Molecular Structure of Beryllium Dihydride”, Solid State Commun. 67, 4914 (1988).
  111. A. Plancon, R. F. Giese, Jr. and R. L. Snyder, “The Hinckley Index for Kaolinites”, Clay Minerals 23 [3], 249260 (1988).
  112. M. Heuberger, A. Bhargava, and R. L. Snyder, “The Reproducible Production of Pure Superconducting YBa2Cu3O7- Mater. Lett. 11, 489494 (1987).
  113. A. Bhargava, M. Heuberger, and R. L. Snyder, “Effects of Atmosphere on YBa2Cu3O7- During Processing”, Mater. Lett. 11, 495499 (1987).
  114. J. E. Shelby, R. L. Snyder, A. Bhargava, J. J. Simmins, N. L. Corah, P. H. McCluskey, and C. Sheckler, “Thermoanalytic Study of the Superconducting Compound YBa2Cu3O7-“, Chemtronics 2, 130132 (1987).
  115. A. Bhargava, R. L. Snyder and R. A. Condrate, Sr., “The Raman and Infrared Spectra of the glasses in the System BaOTiO2B2O3”, Matl. Res. Bull. 22, 16031611 (1987).
  116. J. E. Shelby, A. Bhargava, J. J. Simmins, N. L. Corah, P. H. McCluskey, C. Sheckler and R. L. Snyder, “Atmospheric Effects During Thermal Cycling of Yba2Cu3O7- Superconductors”, Mater. Res. Lett., 5 [11-12], 420425 (1987).
  117. J. P. Cline and R. L. Snyder, “The Effects of Extinction on Xray Powder Diffraction Intensities”, Adv. in Xray Anal. 30, 447456 (1987).
  118. G. S. Smith, Q. C. Johnson, D. E. Cox, R. L. Snyder, D. K. Smith, A. Zalkin, “Synchrotron Radiation Applied to Computer Indexing”, Adv. in Xray Anal. 30, 383388 (1987).
  119. R. L. Snyder, “The Accuracy of Measurements and Data Evaluation in Xray Powder Diffraction”, Z. Krist., 162, 207208 (1983)(in German).
  120. R. L. Snyder, “Accuracy in Angle and Intensity Measurements in Xray Powder Diffraction”, Adv. Xray Anal., 26, 111 (1983).
  121. C. R. Hubbard, C. R. Robbins and R. L. Snyder, “XRD Quantitative Analysis using the NBS*QUANT82 System”, Adv. Xray Anal., 26, 149157 (1983).
  122. S. Cherukuri, R. L. Snyder and D. Beard, “Comparison of the Hanawalt and Johnson Vand Computer Search Match Strategies”, Adv. Xray Anal. 26, 99105 (1983).
  123. S. A. Howard and R. L. Snyder, “An Evaluation of Some Profile Models and the Optimization Procedures used in Profile Fitting”, Adv. Xray Anal. 26, 7381 (1983).
  124. J. P. Cline and R. L. Snyder, “The Dramatic Effect of Crystallite Size on Xray Intensities”, Adv. Xray Anal., 26, 111118 (1983).
  125. M. A. Krebs, R. L. Snyder and R. A. Condrate, “The Raman Spectra and XRay Powder Diffraction Data of Stabilized Hafnia Phases”, Mat. Res. Bull. 18, 10891093 (1983).
  126. R. L. Snyder, C. R. Hubbard and N. C. Panagiotopoulos, “A Second Generation Automated Powder Diffractometer Control System”, Adv. Xray Anal. 25, 245260 (1982).
  127. R. L. Snyder, “A Hanawalt Type Phase Identification Procedure for a Minicomputer”, Adv. Xray Anal. 24, 8390 (1981).
  128. C. L. Mallory and R. L. Snyder, “The Control and Processing of Data from an Automated Xray Powder Diffractometer”, Adv. Xray Anal. 22, 121132 (1979).
  129. S. T. Smith, R. L. Snyder and W. E. Brownell, “Quantitative Phase Analysis of Devonian Shales by Computer Controlled Xray Diffraction of Spray Dried Samples”, Adv. Xray Anal. 22, 181192 (1979).
  130. S. T. Smith, R. L. Snyder and W. E. Brownell, “Minimization of Preferred Orientation in Powders by Spray Drying”, Adv. Xray Anal. 22, 7788 (1979).
  131. G. S. Smith and R. L. Snyder, “Fn: A Criterion for Rating Powder Diffraction Patterns and Evaluating the Reliability of Powder Pattern Indexing”, J. Appl. Cryst. 12, 6065 (1979).
  132. T. D. Croft, J. S. Reed and R. L. Snyder, “Microstratified Mixing of Ceramic Systems: Viscosity Dependence”, Ceramic Bulletin, 57 [12], 11111115 (1978).
  133. J. W. Medernach and R. L. Snyder, “The Powder Diffraction Patterns and Structures of the Bismuth Oxides”, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc., 61 [1112], 494497 (1978).
  134. Chon Il Park, R. A. Condrate and R. L. Snyder, “The Raman Spectra of PerovskiteStructured Alkaline Earth Hafnates”, Appl. Spectroscopy, 30, 352353 (1976).
  135. R. Porter and R. L. Snyder, “The Crystallographic Modifications of MnO2”, American Mineralogist, 58 (1973).
  136. R. L. Snyder, E. L. McGandy, R. L. VanEtten, L. M. Trefonas and R. L. Towns, “The Crystal and Molecular Structure of 1,1Dibenzyl3,3Dimethylaztidinium Bromide”, Acta Cryst., S28, 29 (1972).
  137. R. L. Snyder and R. D. Rosenstein, “The Crystal and Molecular Structure of the 1:1 Hydrogen Bond Complex Between DGlucose and Urea”, Acta Cryst. B, 27, 1969 (1971).
  138. R. L. Snyder, R. D. Rosenstein, H. S. Kim and G. A. Jeffrey, “A Comparison of the Structures of the GlucoseUrea and GlucitolPyridine Hydrogen Bond Complexes”, Carbohyd. Res., 12, 153156 (1970).
  139. R. L. Snyder, E. L. McGandy, R. L. VanEtten, L. M. Trefonas and R. L. Towns, “A Planar Azetidinium Compound”, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 91, 6187 (1969).

Proceedings Papers and Major Reports

  1. K. Beyerlein, A. Cervellino, M. Leoni, R.L. Snyder and P. Scardi, “Debye Equation versus Whole Powder Pattern Modelling: Real versus Reciprocal Space Modelling of Nanomaterials”, EPDIC10-European Powder Diffraction, E. J. Mittemeijer ed., Materials Science Forum, Tans. Tech Publications, Zürich, in press (2009).
  2. Y. Cai, M. R. Weatherspoon, E. Ernst,  M. S. Haluska, R. L. Snyder, K. H. Sandhage, “3D Microparticles of BaTiO3 and Zn2SiO4 (Sol-Gel Acetate Precursor or Hydrothermal) Conversion of Biologically (Diatom) Templates,” Ceram Eng. Sci. Proc. 27[8] 49-56 (2007)
  3. K. H. Sandhage, S. Shian, C. S. Gaddis, M. R. Weatherspoon, Y. Cai, S. Yoo, M. S.
    Haluska, R. L. Snyder, Y. Liu, M. Liu, N. Ferrel, D. J. Hansford, M. Hildebrand and B. Palenik, “Biologically Enabled Synthesis of Nanostructured 3-D Sensor Materials: The Potential for 3-D Genically Engineered Microdevices (3-D GEMS), J. Rare Metal Mater.
    Eng. 35(3) 13-14 (2006).
  4. I. C. Dragomir , M. Gheorghe, N. Thadhani and R. L. Snyder, “Dislocation densities and character evolution in copper deformed by rolling under liquid nitrogen from X-ray peak profile analysis”, Adv. X-ray Anal. 48, 67-72 (2005).
  5. Raymond Oh, Iuliana  Dragomir-Cernatescu, Joe Cochran and Robert L. Snyder, “Residual Stress Analysis of A Co-Extruded Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Platform”, Mat. Sci & Tech Conf. (2005).
  6. M. R. Weatherspoon, S. H. Allan, C. S. Gaddis, Ye Cai, M.S. Haluska, R. L. Snyder and
    K. H. Sandhage, “Perovskite Partcles from Phytoplankton”, in Biological and Bioinspired Materials and Devices ed K. H. Sandhage, S. Yang, T. Douglas, A. R. Parker and E. Dimasi, Mater. Res. Soc. Symo. Proc. Vol. 837E (2005).
  7. Allan S.M., Weatherspoon M.R., Graham P.D, Cai Y., Haluska M.S., Snyder R.L., Sandhage K.H.,  “Shape-preserving chemical conversion of self-assembled 3-D bioclastic micro/nanostructures via low-temperature displacement reactions,” Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, 26, [3], 289-296, (2005). [Best Paper Award].
  8. M. B. Dickerson, R. L. Snyder and K. H. Sandhage, “The Fabrication of Dense W-Rich W/ZrC  Composites by the PRIMA-DCP Process at 1300º C,” pp. 403-412 in Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials XI vol 2, ed T. S. Srivatsen, R.A. Varin ASM International, Materials Park OH (2003).
  9. J. Nash, M. B. Dickerson, K. Pathak, K. H. Sandhage, R. L. Snyder, U. Balachandran, B.
    Ma, R. Blaugher, R. Battacharya, “Novel Closed Heating Chambers for Rapid in-situ HTXRD Analysis of Gas/Solid and Liquid/Solid Reactions”, pp 44-52, in Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials XI vol 2, ed T. S. Srivatsen, R.A. Varin ASM International, Materials Park OH (2003).
  10. P. K. Gupta, P. M. Anderson, R. G. Buchheit, S. A. Dregia, J. J. Lannutti, M. J. Mills and R. L. Snyder, “The New Materials Science and Engineering Curriculum at The Ohio State University,” Proceedings of the Materials Research Society (2003).
  11. M. B. Dickerson, R. L. Snyder and K. H. Sandhage, “Low-Temperature Fabrication of Dense Near Net-Shaped Tungsten/Zirconium Carbide Composites with Tailored Phase Contents by the Prima-DCP Process,” Ceram. Eng. Sci. Proc. (Proc. Cocoa Beach Conf.) (2001).
  12. M. B. Dickerson, R. L. Snyder and K. H. Sandhage, “Rapid, Low-Temperature Fabrication of Very-High Melting ZrC/W-Bearing Composites by the Prima-DCP Process,” Proc. Spring TMS Meeting  (2001)
  13. Steven Baker, Julian G. Hill, Robert Snyder, Thomas W. Lester, Richard D. Tenaglia, “Breaking Down the Barriers to the Beneficial Reuse of Depleted Uranium,” Proc of 99 Waste Management Conf, Tempe AZ (1999).
  14. J. Faber, R. Jenkins and R. L. Snyder, “Use of Multiple Databases in X-ray Powder Diffractometry,” Proceedings of ISPA ’98 S. P. Sen Gupta ed., Allied Publishers Ltd., New Delhi p. 135-143 (1999).
  15. J. Faber, R. Jenkins and R. L. Snyder, “Use of Multiple Databases in X-ray Powder Diffractometry,” Proccedings of Japan Science and Technology Conference, (1998).
  16. B. J. Chen and R. L. Snyder, “The Application of Dynamic Characterization to the Melt Texturing of YBa2Cu3O7-“,  EPDIC5-European Powder Diffraction, R. Delhez and E. J. Mittemeijer eds., Materials Science Forum, Tans. Tech Publciations, Zürich, 278-281 (1998).
  17. R. L. Snyder, “Microstructure Analysis by Diffraction – The Beginning of the End,” Rigaku Journal (1996).
  18. D. Sriram, R. L. Snyder and V. R. W. Amarakoon, “Nanophase Copper Ferrite Using an Organic Gelation Technique,” Proceedings of Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. 457 81-87 (1996).
  19. C. Park, D. H. Lee, R. A. Condrate, Sr. and R. L. Snyder, “Relation between silver and residual carbon content in the processing Tl0.5Pb0.5Sr2CaCu2O6.5+ Advances in Superconductivity VIII, Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Superconductivity (ISS95) Hamamatsu, Japan, Editor: Hayakawa, Hisao, 391395 SpringerVerlag Tokoyo (1996).
  20. C. Park, M. Haluska and R. L. Snyder, “High temperature reaction sequence study of
    Tl0.5Pb0.5Sr2CaCu2O6.5+,” Proceedings of the 7th USJapan Workshop on HighTc Superconductors,” Tsukuba, Japan, Editor: Tachikawa, Kyoji. (1995).
  21. D. Sriram and R. L. Snyder, “Advanced  Manufacturing of Fast Fired Whiteware Bodies via Dynamic Characterization,” Sci. Whitewares, [Proc.Sci. Whitewares Conf.] V. E. Henkes, G. Y. Onoda and W. M. Carty editors, The American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH pp. 265280 (1996).
  22. R. L. Snyder, “The Use of Reference Intensity Ratios in Quantitative Analysis”, Proceedings of the Diffraction Methods in Materials Science, J. Hasek, ed. Nova Science Publishers, New York, 239-252 (1996).
  23. D. Sriram and R. L. Snyder, “Investigation of Copper Ferrite, Cu0.5Fe2.5O4, as a High Saturation Magnetization Material,” Symp. Proc. Series, Mat. Res. Soc., 401, 449-54
    (1996).
  24. Fisher, L.M.; Kalinov, A.V.; Mirkovic, J.; Voloshin, I.F.; Bondarenko, A.V.; Obolenskii, M.A.; Snyder, R.L. “Comparative Study of Anisotropy of the Critical Current Density in YBCO Melt Textured Samples and Single Crystals,” Russia. Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 148 (Vol. 1) 319-22 (1995).
  25. J. G. Fagan, K. D. Vuong, C. Q. Shen, J. A. Williams, E. Tenpas, D. Partis, X. W. Wang,
    V. W. R. Amarakoon, B. J. Chen and R. L. Snyder, “Influence of Excess Platinum and Yttrium Containing Additives on the Microstructural and Phase Formation Kinetics in the YBa2Cu3O7- System,” Proc. Intersoc. Energy Convers. Eng. Conf. IECEC 3 107316
    (1995).
  26. R. L. Snyder, “Intelligent Manufacturing of Advanced Materials,” Proceedings 41st Sagamore Conference p.293-303 (1994).
  27. S. S. Bayya, K. Kuehn, R. L. Snyder and J. J. Simmins, “Plasma Deposition of Ferrite
    Films,” Ceramic Transactions 47 295-304 (1995).
  28. K. Kuehn, S. S. Bayya and R. L. Snyder, “The Synthesis of Cu0.5Fe2.5O4 a New Record in Magnetization,” Ceramic Transactions 47 185-93 (1995).
  29. S. S. Bayya, C. Park and R. L. Snyder, “Molten Salt Powder Synthesis in the Development of Practical Superconductors,” Processing of Long Lengths of Superconductors, U. Balachandran, E. W. Collings and A. Goyal, editors, TMS Warrendale, PA. 185194 (1993).
  30. R. L. Snyder, “Quantitative Xray Powder Diffraction,” Giornate di Studio Diffrattometria a Raggi x su Materiali Policristallini, G. Berti, Vigo Cursi, Pisa Italy, 122 (1993).
  31. R. L. Snyder, S. T. Misture, and D. P. Matheis, “The GlassCeramic Route to Bismuth Superconductors,” Fundamentals of Glass Science and Technology,  Stazione Sperimentale del Vitro, Venice, 423426 (1993).
  32. B. J. Chen,  S. T. Misture, and R. L. Snyder, “A Study of MeltTexturing Effects in the YBa2Cu3O7-mB2O3 System,” Superconductivity and Its Applications, Vol. 5, H. S. Kwok,
    D. T. Shaw and M. J. Naughton, editors, Am. Inst. of Phys. 356365 (1993).
  33. S. S. Bayya and R. L. Snyder, “Growth Anisotropic Tl2212 Particles by Molten Salt Synthesis,” Superconductivity and Its Applications, Vol. 5, H. S. Kwok, D. T. Shaw and M. J. Naughton, editors, Am. Inst. of Phys. 575581 (1993).
  34. S. T. Misture, D. P. Matheis, and R. L. Snyder, “Preparation, Melting Sequences, and MeltTexturing of Bi2212 Thick Films, Superconductivity and Its Applications, Vol. 5, H. S. Kwok, D. T. Shaw and M. J. Naughton, editors, Am. Inst. of Phys. 582592 (1993).
  35. M. Mueller, K. Park, W. A. Edelstein, C. Park, S. S. Bayya and R. L. Snyder, “A Cryogenic ClassE RF Power Amplifier,” Superconductivity and Its Applications, Vol. 5, H. S. Kwok, D. T. Shaw and M. J. Naughton, editors, Am. Inst. of Phys. 492-502 (1993).
  36. R. L. Snyder, “Reference Intensity Ratios, Whole Pattern Fitting and Standardless Xray Quantitative Analysis,” Accuracy in Powder Diffraction II, National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication, p. 25-33 (1992).
  37. X. W. Wang, R. Kudesia, J. Lou, J. Hao, R. L. Snyder, H. M. Duan and A. M. Hermann, “Deposition of Electronic Films by Atmospheric RF Plasma Aerosol Spray Techniques”, Thermal Spray: International Advances in Coatings Technology, ASM International, Metals Park, OH, 567574 (1992).
  38. R. L. Snyder, “Approaches to Bulk HighTemperature Superconductors”, Proceedings of the Fourth USJapan Workshop on Superconductivity, NIST, February (1992).
  39. R. L. Snyder, “Toward Practical HighTemperature Superconductors”, Superconductivity and Its Applications, Vol. 4, Y. H. Kao, H. S. Kwok and A. E. Kaloyeros, editors, Amer. Phys. Soc. 252260 (1992).
  40. B. J. Chen, M. A. Rodriguez, S. T. Misture and R. L. Snyder, “High Temperature Reactions and Orientation of YBa2Cu3O7-“, Superconductivity and Its Applications, Vol. 4, Y. H. Kao, H. S. Kwok and A. E. Kaloyeros, editors, Amer. Phys. Soc. 312318 (1992).
  41. S. S. Bayya, G. C. Stangle and R. L. Snyder, “Synthesis of Superconducting Phases in the TlBaCaCuO System”, Superconductivity and Its Applications, Vol. 4 Y. H. Kao, H. S. Kwok and A. E. Kaloyeros, editors, Amer. Phys. Soc. 261273 (1992).
  42. L. M. Fisher, V. S Gorbashev, N. V. Ilin, N. M. Makarov, I. F. Voloshin, V. A. Yampol’skii,  R. L. Snyder, J. A. T. Taylor, V. W. R. Amarakoon, M. A. Rodriguez, S. T. Misture, D. P. Matheis, A. M. M. Barus and J. G. Fagan, “The Universal Magnetic Field Dependence of the Local Critical Current Density in HighTc Ceramics”, Superconductivity and Its Applications,
    Vol. 4, Y. H. Kao, H. S. Kwok and A. E. Kaloyeros, editors, Amer. Phys. Soc. 625636 (1992).
  43. H. M. Duan, A. M. Hermann, X. W. Wang, J. Hao and R. L. Snyder, “Superconducting TlBaCaCuO Thin Films with BaCaCuO Precursors”, Superconductivity and Its Applications , Vol. 4, Y. H. Kao, H. S. Kwok and A. E. Kaloyeros, editors, Amer. Phys. Soc. 153161
    (1992).
  44. A. Bhargava, M. A. Rodriguez and R. L. Snyder, “MetalCeramic Composite Superconducting Wires,” Superconductor Engineering, T. O. Mensah, editor, American Society of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series No. 287, v. 88, 7275 (1992).
  45. J. Hao, X. W. Wang and R. L. Snyder, “RF Plasma Aerosol Deposition of Superconductive Yba2Cu3O7-࿠Films at Atmospheric Pressure”, Proceedings of the Fourth Thermal Spray Conference, Pittsburgh, PA USA May 410, p 509512 (1991).
  46. R. L. Snyder, CES348 Xray Diffraction, Alfred University 130 p. (1991).
  47. R. L. Snyder and X. W. Wang, RF Plasma Aerosol Deposition of Superconductive YBaCuO Films at Atmospheric Pressure”, RLTR91294, Rome Laboratory, Griffiss AFB, NY, Nov. (1991).
  48. D. Boehme, M. C. Nichols, R. L. Snyder and D. P. Matheis, An Investigation of the Terich Uranium Tellurides Using Xray Powder Diffraction, Sandia National Laboratory Report  SAND908239, 40 pages (1991).
  49. R. L. Snyder, “Applied Crystallography in Advanced Ceramics”, EPDIC1 European Powder Diffraction, R. Delhez and E. J. Mittemeijer editors, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 7982, 513528 Trans Tech Publications, Zürich (1991).
  50. R. L. Snyder, “Toward a Practical High-Temperature Superconductor: Research at the Institute for Ceramic Superconductivity at Alfred University”, Superconductivity II American Ceramic Society, 607-619 (1991).
  51. S. S. Bayya, R. Kudesia and R. L. Snyder, “EXAFS Studies of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 Glass and Glass Ceramic”, Superconductivity and Its Applications, Vol. 3, Y. H. Kao, P. Coppens and H. S. Kwok editors, Am. Phys. Soc. 306-314 (1990).
  52. B. J. Reardon and R. L. Snyder, “The Use of Ga2O3 and In2O3 in Forming Superconducting Glass Ceramics”, Superconductivity and Its Applications Vol. 3, Y. H.
    Kao, P. Coppens and H. S. Kwok editors, Am. Phys. Soc. 599-609 (1990).
  53. D. P. Matheis, R. L. Snyder and C. R. Hubbard, “High Temperature Reactions in the Processing of Ceramic Superconductors via the Glass ceramic Method”, Superconductivity and Its Applications Vol. 3, Y. H. Kao, P. Coppens and H. S. Kwok editors, Am. Phys. Soc., 582-588 (1990).
  54. B. J. Chen, M. A. Rodriguez, and R. L. Snyder, “Glass Formation and Textured Crystallization in the Y2O3BaOCuOB2O3 and Y2O3BaOCuOP2O5 Systems”, Superconductivity and Its Applications Vol. 3, Y. H. Kao, P. Coppens and H. S. Kwok editors, Am. Phys. Soc., 589-598 (1990).
  55. M. A. Rodriguez and R. L. Snyder, “The Effect of BaCO3 Precursor on the Formation of Phases in the BaOY2O3CuO System”, Superconductivity and Its Applications, Y. H. Kao, P. Coppens and H. S. Kwok editors, Am. Phys. Soc. 610-616 (1990).
  56. H. H. Zhong, X. W. Wang, and R. L. Snyder, “Deposition of Superconductive YBa2Cu3O7- Films at Atmospheric Pressure by RF Plasma Aerosol Technique”, Superconductivity and Its Applications Vol. 3, Y. H. Kao, P. Coppens and H. S. Kwok editors, Am. Phys. Soc., 531-542 (1990).
  57. X. W. Wang, H. H. Zhong, and R. L. Snyder, “Superconducting YBa2Cu3O7- Films by RF Plasma Aerosol Evaporation at Atmospheric Pressure”, Science and Technology of Thin Film Superconductors 2, Plenum Press, New York 311317 (1990).
  58. J. J. Simmins, M. J. Hanagan, G. S. Fischman and R. L. Snyder, “Activation Energy of Decomposition of Y2BaCuO5 in Wet CO2 at Elevated Temperatures”, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Vol. 169, 261264 (1990).
  59. R. L. Snyder, M. C. Nichols and D. Boehme, The Crystal Structures and Powder Diffraction Patterns of the Uranium Tellurides A Critical Review, Sandia National Laboratory Report SAND908235, 92 pages (1990).
  60. P. H. McCluskey, G. S. Fischman and R. L. Snyder, “High Surface Area Chemically Synthesized Y2O3”, Proc. 2nd Conf. on Cer. Processing. Deutsche Keramische Gesellschaft, H. Hausner, G. L. Messing and S. Hirano editors, 111119 (1989).
  61. T. K. Vethanayagam, R. L. Snyder and J. A. T. Taylor, “Atmospheric Plasma Vapor Deposition of BaYCuOxide and BiSrCaCuOxide Thin Films”, Thermal Spray Technology New Ideas and Processes, D. L. Houck Ed., ASM International, Metals Park, OH, 233238 (1989).
  62. R. L. Snyder, Xray Analysis  A text, Alfred University 280 p. (1989).
  63. R. L. Snyder, INDEX  An Interactive PC System for Computer Indexing of Powder Diffraction Programs, MDI Inc., 131 p. (1988).
  64. R. L. Snyder, NBS*QUANT88  An Data Collection and Analysis System for Quantitative Phase Analysis, Siemens AG, 62 p. (1988).
  65. J. J. Simmins and R. L. Snyder, “The Effect of Silver Substitution for Copper on the Crystal Structure of YBa2Cu3O7-  Superconductor”, pages 8994, The Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference on Superconductivity, edited by David T. Shaw and Hoi Sing Kwok, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., July (1988).
  66. P. H. McCluskey and R. L. Snyder, “Organometallic Preparation of YBa2Cu3O7-,” The Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference on Superconductivity, edited by David T. Shaw and Hoi S. Kwok, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., p 100104, July (1988).
  67. A. Bhargava, A. K. Varshneya and R. L. Snyder, “Crystallization of Glasses in the System BaOY2O3CuOB2O3, p 124129, The Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference on Superconductivity, edited by David T. Shaw and Hoi Sing Kwok, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., July (1988).
  68. R. S. Zhou and R. L. Snyder, GRAFIT  An Interactive Program for Producing Color Plots, Alfred University, (1988).
  69. E. C. Behrman, + 48 others, “Synthesis, Characterization and Fabrication of High Temperature Superconducting Oxides”, Adv. Cer. Mat. 2 [3B], 539555 (1987).
  70. R. L. Snyder, Xray Diffraction Analysis  A text for CES358, 134 p. Alfred University, (1987).
  71. R. S. Zhou and R. L. Snyder, FILECONV  An Program to Interconvert Powder Diffraction File Formats, Alfred University, (1986).
  72. R. L. Snyder and C. R. Hubbard, NBS*QUANT84: A System for Quantitative Analysis by Automated Xray Powder Diffraction, NBS Special Publication, 101 pp. (1986).
  73. G. S. Smith, Q. C. Johnson, D. E. Cox, R. L. Snyder, D. K. Smith, A. Zalkin, Synchrotron Radiation Applied to Computer Indexing, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, (UCRL94599), Oct. (1986).
  74. S. A. Howard and R. L. Snyder, “Simultaneous Crystallite Size, Strain and Structure Analysis from Xray Powder Diffraction Patterns”, Advances in Materials Characterization II, p 4356, R. L. Snyder, R. A. Condrate and P. F. Johnson, editors, Plenum Press, New York, (1985).
  75. J. P. Cline and R. L. Snyder, “Sample Characteristics Affecting Quantitative Analysis by Xray Powder Diffraction”, Advances in Materials Characterization II, p 131144, R. L. Snyder, R. A. Condrate and P. F. Johnson, editors, Plenum Press, New York, (1985).
  76. H. E. Göbel and R. L. Snyder, “Modern Trends in Xray Powder Diffraction”, Proceedings of MINTEK 50 Conference, 953959 (1984).
  77. R. L. Snyder, INTCAL An Program to Compute Accurate Lattice Parameters, Alfred University, (1984).
  78. S. A. Howard and R. L. Snyder, SHADOW  A Program for Xray Powder Diffraction Profile Analysis, New York State College of Ceramics Report, 62 pages (1984).
  79. R. L. Snyder, Diffrac 500  A System Design for Interactive Powder Diffraction Analysis, Siemens AG, (1983).
  80. R. L. Snyder , “The Renaissance of Xray Powder Diffraction”, p.449464 Advances in Materials Characterization, D. R. Rossington, R. A. Condrate, and R. L. Snyder, editors, Plenum Press, New York, (1983).
  81. R. L. Snyder, C. R. Hubbard and N. C. Panagiotopoulos, Auto: A Real Time Diffractometer Control System, National Bureau of Standards Publication NBSIR, 812229, 102 pages (1981).
  82. L. D. Calvert, J. L. FlippenAnderson, C. R. Hubbard, Q. C. Johnson, P. G. Lenhert, M. C. Nichols, W. Parrish, D. K. Smith, G. S. Smith, R. L. Snyder and R. A. Young, The Standard Form for Powder Diffraction Data, International Centre for Diffraction Data, 23 pages
    (1981).
  83. R. L. Snyder, SEARCH An Program to Automatically Carry out Phase Identification, Siemens AG, (1981).
  84. B. C. Osgood and R. L. Snyder, “POWDER A Computing System for Xray Powder Diffraction Calculations”, Accuracy in Powder Diffraction, National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 567, p. 91 (1980).
  85. C. L. Mallory and R. L. Snyder, “Threshold Level Determination from Digital Xray Powder Diffraction Patterns”, Accuracy in Powder Diffraction, National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 567, p. 93 (1980).
  86. L. D. Calvert, J. L. FlippenAnderson, C. R. Hubbard, Q. C. Johnson, P. G. Lenhert, M. C. Nichols, W. Parrish, D. K. Smith, G. S. Smith, R. L. Snyder and R. A. Young, “Standards for the Publication of Powder Patterns: The American Crystallographic Association Subcommittee Final Report”, Accuracy in Powder Diffraction, National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 567, p. 513536 (1980).
  87. R. L. Snyder, C. L. Mallory, S. T. Smith, B. C. Osgood and S. A. Howard, The Rebirth of Xray Powder Diffraction, New York State College of Ceramics Report 17, Vol. III, No. 5, 41 pages (1979).
  88. C. L. Mallory and R. L. Snyder, The Alfred University Xray Powder Diffraction Automation System, NYS College of Ceramics Technical Publication No. 144, 172 pages (1979).
  89. R. L. Snyder, “Introduction to Automated Xray Powder Diffraction”, Workshop on Automated Xray Diffraction, ed., R. L. Snyder, Denver Xray Conference, p. 114 (1979).
  90. R. L. Snyder, editor, Workshop on Automated Xray Diffraction, Denver Xray Conference, (1979).
  91. R. L. Snyder, Chemical Properties of Materials, NYS College of Ceramics, 88 pages
    (1979).
  92. R. L. Snyder, Guidelines for the Publication of Powder Diffraction Data, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, (August 1978).
  93. R. L. Snyder, Q. C. Johnson, E. Kahara, G. S. Smith and M. C. Nichols, An Analysis of the Powder Diffraction File, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, (UCRL52505), 61 pages (June 1978).
  94. G. S. Smith and R. L. Snyder, Numerical Ratings of Powder Diffraction Patterns, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, (UCRL80759), March (1978).
  95. R. L. Snyder, SUINDEX  An Interactive Program to Setup for Powder Pattern Indexing, Alfred University, (1977).
  96. G. S. Smith and R. L. Snyder, American Crystallographic Association Project: Numerical Ratings of Powder Diffraction Patterns, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, (UCID17639), Nov. (1977).
  97. R. L. Snyder, SUPOWD An Interactive Program to Setup Powder Pattern Computations Using POWDn, Alfred University, (1976).
  98. R. L. Snyder, PREF A Program for Analyzing Preferred Orientation from Powder Diffraction Patterns, Alfred University, (1975).
  99. R. L. Snyder and W. L. Carr, “A Method of Determining the Preferred Orientation of Crystallites Normal to a Surface”, Surfaces and Interfaces of Glass and Ceramics, ed., V. D. Frechette p.8599 (1974)
  100. R. L. Snyder, Crystallographic and General Use Programs for XDS 5 Computer, Alfred University Research Foundation Report, 138 pages (1973).
  101. R. L. Snyder, “On Science and Technology”, JASEE, 63 [2], 88 (1972).
  102. R. L. Snyder, “CELDIMA Crystallographic Program for the HewlettPackard 9000B”, Keyboard 4 [1], 27 (1972).
  103. R. L. Snyder, Single Crystal Analysis Programs for the IBM 1130 Computer, University of Pittsburgh, (1969).
  104. R. L. Snyder, FLIST  A Program to Produce Publishable Structure Factor Tables, Brookhaven National Laboratory, (1968).
  105. R. L. Snyder, NANOVA Normal Analysis of Variance, Brookhaven National Laboratory, (1967).
  106. R. L. Snyder, Single Crystal Analysis Programs for the IBM 1620 Computer, Fordham University, (1966).
  107. R. L. Snyder, The Electroplating of High Phosphorus Bronze Alloys, IBM. Technical Report, (1963).

One response to “Renowned Scientist, Robert L. Snyder, Passed Away Sept. 1st — Forever Altered The Scientific & Material Course of History Through Nanotechnology

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