With the nation’s capital poised to begin allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry, opinions nationwide remain closely divided, but two-thirds of all Americans now say gay and lesbian couples should be able to have the same rights as heterosexual couples through civil unions.
In a new Washington Post-ABC News poll, 47 percent say gay marriages should be legal, with 31 percent saying they feel that way “strongly.” Intensity is stronger among opponents, however: overall, half say such marriages should be illegal, including 42 percent who say so strongly.
Civil unions draw broader support. Two-thirds now say they favor allowing gay and lesbian couples to form civil unions that would give them many of the same legal rights as married couples. That’s an increase of 12 percentage points since a December 2007 poll that asked about civil unions for “homosexual couples.”
In the new poll, support for civil unions is at 50 percent or better across party and ideological lines. Support for such arrangements is now 15 points higher than it was a few years ago among conservatives; it’s up 13 points among Republicans.
Views on gay marriage are little changed since Post-ABC polling last touched on the topic, in April 2009. Then, 49 percent said they thought it should be legal, 46 percent illegal. In that poll, a wording experiment found little difference between support for legal marriages of “gay and lesbian couples and for those among “homosexual couples.” (A CBS News/New York Times survey released yesterday conducted a similar experiment and found the wording did make a difference in their results.)
In the new poll, a sharp age divide remains on the question, with younger adults broadly supportive of gay marriage while most seniors oppose it. A majority of those under age 30 say they feel strongly that gay marriages should be legal, marking the first time in Post-ABC polling that figure has topped 50 percent.
Democrats and independents are far more apt to favor legal marriages than are Republicans. And support is highest in the Northeast – where most of the states that allow legal marriage are located – and the West. Those in the Midwest and South are more apt to oppose making gay marriages legal.
Full results from the new poll can be found here.
Q. Do you think it should be legal or illegal for gay and lesbian couples to get married?
— Legal —- — Illegal —
NET Strongly NET Strongly
All 47 31 50 42
Democrat 60 45 39 32
Independent 50 32 48 38
Republican 27 13 69 58
Northeast 55 41 39 31
Midwest 48 28 50 39
South 37 26 61 52
West 57 34 41 34
Age 18-29 65 51 33 26
Age 30-64 47 28 51 42
Age 65+ 30 20 66 57